March 2023: Market Newsletter
March 03, 2023
Welcome to March, a time for renewal and growth, a time we look forward to spring, a time when the days growing longer and the weather beginning to warm. Unfortunately, February’s market performance feels more like atrophy, not growth. We saw stocks slide lower in February, despite posting solid gains to begin the year. The S&P fell more than 2%, cutting its year-to-date return to 3.4%.
At the end of January, investors had started to feel like inflation might finally be waning, but then we saw inflation expand again in February. The Federal Reserve (Fed) has reiterated its desire to hold inflation at 2.0%, but with evidence that the economy can withstand further tightening, Fed Chair Jerome Powell has made it clear that more interest rate increases are likely.
A sizeable portion of the economic news is contradictory, resulting in a lot of uncertainty (and the inability to clearly determine what direction the economy is headed). We have positive indicators, including:
As always, we’re here for you. If you have concerns about current economic conditions, questions about finances, or need to chat about taxes, just give us a call.
Stocks are still holding on to solid gains for 2023, but after a steady rally to start the year, markets have seen a renewed bout of fluctuations in recent weeks. Stocks declined in February following worrisome signs that inflation might have reversed course and accelerated again as the year began. Core Personal consumption expenditures (PCE), widely considered to be the Federal Reserve’s preferred inflation gauge was revised higher, pushing the year-over-year increase from 4.6% to 4.7%, the first pickup in pace since September 2022.1
1. Data Obtained from Bloomberg
In US Sector performance, only one of the eleven sectors finished the month of February in positive territory. Information technology was the sole sector of the S&P 500 to finish the month in the green, up around 0.40% as growth names continued to outperform. Meanwhile, the consumer staples and utilities sectors, two historically defensive sectors, finished February with their third straight monthly losses, the longest streak of monthly losses for both sectors since the first half of 2018, according to Dow Jones Market Data.2
In February, markets continued to recalibrate Fed expectations. Importantly, we saw markets remove the expectation for 0.50% of rate cuts by the end of 2023. Instead, markets are now pricing in three hikes for 2023. As a result, we saw a marked rise in rates over the month. The 10-year yield rose from 3.39% on February 1st to 3.91% on February 28th. With such a rapid rise in yields, it should come as no surprise that the Bloomberg U.S. Aggregate Bond Index settled down -2.59% for the month and is currently only slightly positive at +0.41% for the year.
A survey of consumer confidence fell to a three-month low of 102.9 in January, signaling worries about the future path of the economy as high inflation and rising interest rates depress U.S. growth. The closely followed index slid 3.1 points from 106 in January. Economists polled by The Wall Street Journal had forecast the index to rise to 108.5. Consumer confidence tends to signal whether the economy is getting better or worse. The index remains well below the levels associated with a healthy economy. However, contrary to confidence, the labor market remains strong, and U.S. employers added 517,000 new jobs in January, handily beating expectations. They added 4.8 million total jobs in 2022, more than twice the roughly 2.3 million average from 2015 to 2019. Therefore, we remain cautious optimistic on the outlook for the economy and stocks, however, any dip in the labor market could be a harbinger for a downturn.3
3. Data Obtained from Bloomberg
Dow Jones Industrial Average: The Dow Jones Industrial Average® (The Dow®), is a price-weighted measure of 30 U.S. blue-chip companies. The index covers all industries except transportation and utilities.
Dow Jones U.S. Real Estate Total Return Index: The index is designed to track the performance of real estate investment trusts (REIT) and other companies that invest directly or indirectly in real estate through development, management, or ownership, including property agencies.
NASDAQ Composite: The NASDAQ Composite is a market-cap weighted index of all issues listed on the Nasdaq stock exchange. It is heavily weighted towards the technology sector.
S&P 500 Bond Index: The S&P 500® Bond Index is designed to be a corporate-bond counterpart to the S&P 500, which is widely regarded as the best single gauge of large-cap U.S. equities. Market value-weighted, the index seeks to measure the performance of U.S. corporate debt issued by constituents in the iconic S&P 500.
S&P 500 Consumer Discretionary: The S&P 500® Consumer Discretionary comprises those companies included in the S&P 500 that are classified as members of the GICS® consumer discretionary sector.
S&P 500 Consumer Staples: The S&P 500® Consumer Staples comprises those companies included in the S&P 500 that are classified as members of the GICS® consumer staples sector.
S&P 500 Energy: The S&P 500® Energy comprises those companies included in the S&P 500 that are classified as members of the GICS® energy sector.
S&P 500 Financials: The S&P 500® Financials comprises those companies included in the S&P 500 that are classified as members of the GICS® financials sector.
S&P 500 Index: The S&P 500® index is a market-cap weighted index of the largest 500 companies headquartered in the United States. The index covers approximately 80% of available market capitalization.
S&P 500 Utilities: The S&P 500® Utilities comprises those companies included in the S&P 500 that are classified as members of the GICS® utilities sector.
S&P U.S. Aggregate Bond Index: The S&P U.S. Aggregate Bond Index is designed to measure the performance of publicly issued U.S. dollar denominated investment-grade debt. The index is part of the S&P AggregateTM Bond Index family and includes U.S. treasuries, quasi-governments, corporates, taxable municipal bonds, foreign agency, supranational, federal agency, and non-U.S. debentures, covered bonds, and residential mortgage pass-throughs.
S&P U.S. Treasury Bond Index: The S&P U.S. Treasury Bond Index is a broad, comprehensive, market-value weighted index that seeks to measure the performance of the U.S. Treasury Bond market.
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